A program or group of programs designed for end users.
Application software includes database programs, word
processors, and spreadsheets. Applications are unable to
function without an operating system and system utilities.
Also know as Active Server Pages, ASP is scripting
language developed by Microsoft.
An acronym for basic input/output system. The
BIOS is built-in software that determines what a computer can
do without accessing programs from a disk. On PC's, the BIOS
contains all the code required to control the keyboard,
monitor, disk drives, and a number of miscellaneous functions.
A high-speed internet connection, such as
cable modem, DSL, T1, or T3. Cable modem and DSL are the most
common types of broadband for residential users, while
businesses often utilize connections up to and beyond T3
A message given to a web browser by a web
server. The browser stores the message in a text file. The
message is then sent back to the server each time the browser
requests a page from the server. The main purpose of cookies
is to identify users and possibly prepare customized web pages
for them. When you enter a web site using cookies, you may be
asked to fill out a form providing such information as your
name and interests. This information is packaged into a cookie
and sent to your web browser, which stores it for later use.
The next time you go to the same web site, your browser will
send the cookie to the web server. The server can use this
information to present you with custom web pages. So, for
example, instead of seeing just a generic welcome page you
might see a welcome page with your name on it.
A series of alphanumeric strings separated
by periods, such as
that identifies the owner of the address.
An Adobe/Macromedia product allowing designers
to create rich animations including multimedia presentations,
web animations, e-learning courses and application front ends.
An interconnected system of networks that
connects computers around the world via the TCP/IP protocol.
An intranet is a web site geared toward use
specifically by a company's employees. It will often contain
company or project-specific information that allows employees
to coordinate more efficiently.
An identifier for a computer or device on a
TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP protocol route
messages based on the IP address of the destination.
LAN: Also known as local area network, LAN is a
computer network that spans a relatively small area. Most LANs
are confined to a single building or group of buildings.
However, one LAN can be connected to other LANs over any
distance via telephone lines, high-speed lines, or radio
waves. A system of LANs connected in this way is called a
wide-area network (WAN).
Operating system: Windows and UNIX are the most popular
operating systems which allow programs to run on a computer.
Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system
to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks,
such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to
the monitor, keeping track of files and directories on the
disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives,
printers, and scanners.
PHP: Short for Hypertext Preprocessor, PHP is a
server-side scripting language used to develop dynamic web
pages. PHP is one of the most popular scripting languages
Search engines: A search engine is web page used to
locate information on the internet. A search engine may store
references to the entire internet, or may only apply to a
single site. Click here for a more detailed description of the
importance of search engines.
Server: A computer that serves other machines. A server
is generally a central machine used for storage or other
functions. A web server processes requests for HTML and other
documents that are components of web pages.
TCP/IP: An acronym for Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol, TCP/IP is a protocol for
communication between computers, used as a standard for
transmitting data over networks and as the basis for standard
Web browser: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape
Navigator and FireFox are the most popular web browsers. Web
browsers allow internet users to view HTML and other